This fertile village that smells of guava welcomes its visitors with beautiful religious architecture, such as the Parroquia del Señor del Salitre. It also has some natural jewels, since the town is surrounded by several dams and the imposing Sierra Fria. The town provides the perfect setting for those seeking adventure; enjoy cycling, hiking or rappelling, camping and sport fishing in the Alamitos dam. There is no better place to relax than this “Magical Town”, with its Los Huenchos and Garruño waterfalls, and the Cienega de Quijas plateau.
BECAME MAGIC TOWN IN 2012 - GUAVA CAPITAL OF THE WORLD
Calvillo is a city in the Mexican state of Aguascalientes. The town serves as the municipal seat of the surrounding municipality of Calvillo. Calvillo is the second most populated city in the state, surpassed in importance only by the capital city. It is located about 52 kilometers from the city of Aguascalientes.
Calvillo has a number of attractions of interest to tourists. One of them is the Main Square, which dates from 1778 and is famous for its orange trees. Calvillo is also home to the Temple of Our Lord of the Salitre; built in 1772, its interior features paintings that are considered jewels of religious art. The attractive dome topping the church has an exceptional size and diameter.
Its rarest feature is that it is made as a single architectural piece; there are only five domes of this style worldwide. The interior of the dome features exquisite frescoes depicting the life of St. Joseph, the patron saint of the city. The Guadalupe Temple is another important church featuring majestic towers. Another interesting place is the Malpaso Dam. The outskirts of Calvillo are a magnet for tourists.
Its origin is given by the establishment of a congregation of Nahuas Indians of San José de Huejúcar, which means “place of willows”.
Later, Don José Calvillo, owner of Hacienda San Nicolás, made a donation of land for the foundation of the town. This municipality is located within the province of the Sierra Madre Occidental.
WHERE TO GO IN CALVILLO:
Over many years and right up to the present, the town has shaped its own identity based on the production and processing of guavas, which are used in a range of products, and through the elaboration of open lace work, a handicraft which uses skills passed down through the generations and which represents the state at a national level.
Another of Calvillo’s attractions is the Church of the Señor del Salitre, the construction of which began in 1772 and was completed in 1884. This is where the patron saint of the town is worshipped and many talk of the miracles associated with him. The church boasts a gold-coated altar and the second largest dome in Latin America.
Every year there are four big festivals in Calvillo:
Calvillo is known around the world for its guava and its famous openwork, an elegant handicraft well worthy of its designation as regional Cultural Heritage.
Openwork is a handicraft technique inherited from the Spanish settlers, who were inspired by the old openwork from Flanders and Venice.
Indigenous and mestiza women adopted the technique in order to portray the world around them; birds, flowers, fruit; and a wide range of designs are used.
Within the town of Calvillo, the La Labor community took to openwork with special gusto and since then the tradition has been passed down through the generations, forming a part of the community’s identity.
Today you can see the women of Calvillo embroidering while sitting in the doorways of their homes, and the beauty and quality of their work is internationally renowned.
Fire Agate and natural elements embellish jewelry, giving it an elegant mystique.
The town of Calvillo has developed a cottage industry making organic and mineral jewelry.
The main materials of organic jewelry are wild seeds, naturally-dried fruit, dry leaves, wood, stone, quartz and bird feathers, which are collected after migration, respecting nature.
A range of jewelry is made with these primary materials; including earrings, necklaces, bracelets, diadems and scarves.
Calvillo also stands out for its use of Fire Agate in its jewelry. This is a rare gemstone formed thirty million years ago.
Fire Agate is extracted from mines in villages nestled in the sierra and you can find it in those villages as well as in some jewelry stores in historic downtown selling a range of items, such as necklaces, bracelets, rings and earrings. Apparently it is worth quite a lot, especially once polished.
If you’d like to take a souvenir home from Calvillo, something made from Fire Agate or organic jewelry would be an excellent choice.
Dedicated to Saint Joseph, the church is designated as one of Mexico’s National Historical Monuments and as part of the Cultural Heritage of Calvillo.
Construction of the church began on December 12, 1772. The interior has a basilica floor plan with three naves, side arches, and ribbed vault and is decorated in green and yellow.
The enormous octagonal dome is said to be the second largest of its kind in Latin America. There are beautiful al fresco paintings on each section of the dome, showing scenes from the life of Saint Joseph.
A local legend recounts that the Christ figure in the church also appeared on the table of an elderly couple who had kindly offered lodging to some young people.
The Señor del Salitre procession takes place on the fourth Thursday after Lent, which is the day of the Feast of the Ascension or Maundy Thursday.
Main Square & Parian
The main square is the meeting point for locals and visitors alike, and is the ideal place to relax and enjoy the sunny afternoons.
The Parián was built in 1825 and its arches adorn the urban landscape of Calvillo.
The main square is embellished by a neo-classical gazebo and is the hub of daily life and economic activity in the town.
The square is the venue for a range of cultural and leisure events, such as the Guava Festival and fashion shows.
Yolihuani Temazcal Spa is a space dedicated to offering top relaxation and health treatment in beautiful, peaceful surroundings in Calvillo. Temazcal is an indigenous word for a traditional kind of sauna.
Yolihuani Temazcal Spa opened its doors in April 2007 and offers excellent massage and temazacal services to the general public, as well as hydro massage, accommodation and snack bar.
The center has enjoyed eight successful years thanks to the integral nature of its health-related services. Visitors are in contact with nature, and in peaceful, relaxing surroundings that enhance the cleansing of mind and body.
Revitalization is the goal, and with its natural ambience and wonderful aromas this is the ideal space to relieve stress and just relax.
As is illustrated on the town’s shield, guava is the region’s principal product. There are 4,500 registered producers between Calvillo and Zacatecas and this means a lot of direct and indirect employment for the local population.
The production, sale and processing of guava provides economic support for many families from Calvillo and a part of Zacatecas.
Part of the production is exported to the United States and the rest is used for domestic consumption, mainly as an ingredient in tasty traditional marmalades, preserves, jellies and sweets, though it is also used in bread and fruit punch.
You can purchase guava products in many stores in Calvillo, where the characteristic scent of guava fills the air.
Mexico is a land of contrasts. It has it all: a very rich history and culture, a warm and pleasant climate, a varied geography, an impressive nature, a tasteful gastronomy and a friendly and helpful population … in short: Mexico can fulfill all your wishes.