In this small “Magical Town” in Aguascalientes, a semi-desert town that used to be a mining outpost, visitors can tour underground tunnels, spot high-quality religious art, listen to stories about the State’s oldest cemetery or learn to shoot arrows like the Chichimecas used to.
On its different tours you will find places such as El Galerón de los Esclavos, where you will have the opportunity to glimpse an old world where slavery was legal. You will be amazed by the unusual contrasts and pink arches of the former convent of Tepozá, and at Museo Vivo de Cactáceas, you will discover a display of agave as well as exotic plants from South Africa and Madagascar. You can also walk around the old town where any of its monuments will dazzle you, including La Casa Larrañaga or La Casa del Minero, which feature sculpted religious anagrams in pink quarry stone and detailed ironwork on doors and windows.
Asientos is the oldest municipality in the State of Aguascalientes.
Declared a Pueblo Mágico in 2006, Asientos is the oldest town in the state of Aguascalientes. It has buildings which date back to 1548, and which are characterized by their pink quarry-stone facades.
The mining landscapes embellish the surroundings and bear witness to the industry that dominated the colonial period and which to this day remains a symbol of the town’s identity.
The tunnels, aqueducts and mines that configure so much of this Pueblo Mágico join to welcome visitors seeking a historic site full of artistic riches and living traditions.
Among the town’s main attractions are the tunnels, built in the eighteenth century to protect the structure of the church against the effects of rainwater seepage. Another sacred site is the Parish Church of Nuestra Señora de Belén, home to a Christ figure made from human remains and attributed with miraculous powers
Another favorite is the tour around the Hundido Mine aboard a peculiar tourist train “El Piojito”; Visit la Mina El Hundido and learn about the early techniques used in the mining industry.
Among the festivals held in Real de Asientos is The Festival of Nuestra Señora de Belén, which takes place in January, There are also two festivals in June – Miner’s Day and the Festival of the Señor del Tepozán (Patron Saint of miners).
El Vía Crucis or Stations of the Cross is the most important event of the year and is a tradition which dates back to the arrival of the Spanish. This festival represents the Life, Passion and Death of Jesus of Nazareth.
Real de Asientos es un Pueblo Mágico de Aguascalientes de origen minero. Aunque es pequeño, posee valiosos atractivos conservados de la época virreinal en su arquitectura y arte. Sus túneles bajo tierra, jardines e invernaderos lo hacen perfecto para desconectarse del bullicio de las grandes ciudades.
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With mining landscapes, pink quarry facades and a large museum of living nature is what makes Real de Asientos a wonderful place. Real de Asientos has buildings dating from 1548 and historical and cultural treasures are kept in its corners.
Among its main buildings include the main parish, the Larrañaga House, the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Guadalupe and the House of the Miner, where you can still see the work of quarry and blacksmithing on the doors and windows.
Joined the Pueblos Mágicos program in 2006.
This simple town of mining origin has a lot of history, especially if we take into account its small dimensions.
Its attractions are valuable, as it preserves interesting examples of architecture and viceregal art, as well as pleasant gardens and a greenhouse
Real de Asientos is 27 years older than the state capital, the city of Aguascalientes, having been founded in 1548.
Situated right on the main square (Plaza Juarez), the church boasts a two-section, pink quarry stone facade which adds to the beauty of the historic downtown area.
This neo-classical church was built in the eighteenth century. It comprises three naves; the long, wide central nave and the two smaller and narrower side naves, together forming the figure of the Latin cross.
In the interior, the high altar is dedicated to Our Lady of Bethlehem, patron saint of Old Real de Asientos, and after whom the parish is named.
The church boasts the oldest bell in the state, brought from Europe in the seventeenth century.
You can also see a 400-year-old articulated miraculous Christ figure, whose peculiarity is that it is made out of human parts, including skull, ribs and teeth.
Santuary & Cementery
This enchanting church is dedicated to the Virgin of Guadalupe and was completed in the eighteenth century. Adjoining the church is the state’s oldest cemetery – the resting place of the first settlers.
The church was built in 1765 on the orders of Father Tadeo Bueno de Bessori.
The yellow and pink quarry stone facade frames a beautiful figure of the Virgin of Guadalupe over the door and coral window.
Once inside you can admire the paintings of Jesus and the twelve apostles by artist Teodoro Ramirez.
Behind the church is the oldest cemetery in the state, created as a result of an outbreak of influenza in the eighteenth century.
The remains of the first Spanish settlers in the region are also buried here and today the cemetery is divided into sections according to the social status of the town’s inhabitants at the time.
Tunnels & Pinacoteca
This unusual eighteenth-century hydraulic construction is under the Bethlehem Parish Church and was built to protect its structure from water seepage.
Under the Bethlehem Parish Church there are three tunnels, with an average length of sixty meters and containing water tanks and human remains.
The church is also home to Asientos Art Gallery, an artistic jewel displaying paintings and tableaus, including colonial-period works by the painter Miguel Cabrera.
The gallery’s impressive collection includes The Circumcision of Baby Jesus, the only one in Latin America, and the depiction of the Baptism of Jesus in the River Jordan, which presents some optical illusions. Some of the paintings date from the eighteenth century.
The legend says that he who deciphers the family shield will find three treasures – one at home, the second at the miners’ house and the third at the white bridge.
This seventeenth-century stately home belonged to one of the founders of Asientos, don Gaspar Benito de Larrañaga, a renowned mine owner who played an important role in the consolidation of the settlement.
Distinguished by its religious anagrams carved into the pink quarry stone, Larrañaga House originally had two floors but today has just one.
The house cannot be visited since it is private property, but you can admire it from outside.
Get to know the history and architectural beauty of Asientos aboard the rather unusual train “El Piojito”.
El Piojito is the tourist train in Asientos, and pulls small wagons with a tractor. It began work in the early twentieth century and transported minerals from the Santa Francisca Mine to San Gil Station.
Today, this rather unusual mode of transport will take you around the El Hundido Mine so that you can get to know rudimentary mining processes and the Slaves Hall, built during the period of the viceroyalty.
The aqueduct was built to bring water to town and unfortunately doubled up as an escape route for bandits.
This eighteenth-century stone aqueduct was built by the Jesuit Order to bring water from the springs around the oak groves on the slopes of the Altamira. The water was transported to a storage sewer and from there was channeled to the main square. Once the storage sewer there was full, the water continued its way to the Guadalupe neighborhood and filled another storage basin, thereby supplying the town with this vital natural resource.
Mexico is a land of contrasts. It has it all: a very rich history and culture, a warm and pleasant climate, a varied geography, an impressive nature, a tasteful gastronomy and a friendly and helpful population … in short: Mexico can fulfill all your wishes.