Opened on September 17, 1964, it attracts more than two million visitors every year, with 23 permanent exhibition halls, a temporary exhibition hall and two auditoriums.
It was designed by the famous Mexican architect Pedro Ramírez Vázquez.
It probably contains one of the largest and most spectacular archeology and ethnography collections in the world.
The Stone of the Sun is the Heart of the museum, however there are pieces and vestiges of almost all of Mexico, some of the most outstanding works that are in the Museum of Anthropology are:
The Colossal Olmec head, remains found in the Sacred Cenote of Chichen Itza and a replica of the Funeral Chamber of PaKal the Great of Palenque and the gigantic statue of the rain god Tlaloc of approximately 170 tons and that some experts say that since the Tláloc monolith is in its new location it rains a lot more in Mexico City.
The Museum of Anthropology has 23 permanent exhibition halls, has 44 thousand square meters indoors and 35,700 square meters of outdoor areas.
One of the most important rooms of the museum is the one dedicated to the Aztec or Mexican culture, who in 1325 founded his city the great Tenochtitlan.
The Anthropology room is very interesting, because it is not specifically about Mexican cultures but serves to fall in love with the visitors of anthropology. In 1974 Donald Johanson donated to “Lucy”, the first copy of Australopithecus. There is also a huge mosaic that shows people’s faces according to the place on the planet where they are called the Mosaic of Human Diversity.
Another of the permanent exhibition halls of the National Museum of Anthropology is the one dedicated to the origins of the first populations that inhabited Mexico. The processes that differentiated Mexicans from other Mesoamerican peoples are also analyzed here. You can see spearheads, pieces of agriculture, fossils and rock art.
Two other permanent rooms that we can find in the National Museum of Anthropology is the one dedicated to the evolution of the towns of central Mexico or the Olmecs. There are also a variety of pieces found in various excavations. Finally there is a permanent room dedicated to Tehotihuacán, a city located in northern Mexico.
There are multiple rooms and objects that can be found in this museum, so the walk will be long and great learning.
Among its most curious objects is a replica of a court dedicated to the pre-Hispanic ball game, which can be covered. It is rumored that they had planned a schedule of games, but only one was made on the day of its inauguration, so we will have to wait.